Easy Pickin's for Northern Ontario Panfish

Ice fishing for crappies on a lake in Northwestern Ontario.

The biggest decision you have to make most days, when you're ice fishing across the vast fish-filled expanse of Northern Ontario, is whether to stay in one spot and sit over a hole, or remain mobile running-drilling-and-gunning around the lake. The choice is made more difficult, however, when you constantly spot fish on your sonar screen but they refuse to bite.

That is the predicament daughter Jenny, grandson Liam, and I found ourselves in last week when we were chasing crappies on a favourite Northwestern Ontario haunt. 

We put four gorgeous plate-shaped slabs on the ice within seconds of dropping down our jigs—as a matter of fact, Jenny landed two fish on her first two drops—but then the crappies seemingly got smart, went into a funk, and closed their mouths, even though we could see them brilliantly on our Humminbird 55 and Helix 7 Ice units.

"I've had the same thing happen often," buddy Pete Garnier reflected when I told him about our day on the ice. "I chalk it up to catching the few active fish that are within range of the hole you are fishing."

Ontario ice guru, Pete Garnier often spends 16 or more hours on the ice, so he prepares to catch neutral and inactive fish like this giant 17-inch crappie

Garnier is a winter panfishing fiend and we were musing about how most of the time, we find hard water fish in neutral to negative moods. We pick off a couple of active fish quickly, but then things slow down noticeably.

"We all hope to be on the ice during those primary feeding windows," says Garnier, "when the fish are hitting with reckless abandon, but I sometimes spend 16, 18, even 20 or more hours on the ice, so I know in advance that I am going to spend the majority of my time targeting inactive fish with smaller strike zones."

Ontario ice guru, Pete Garnier often spends 16 or more hours on the ice, so he prepares to catch neutral and inactive fish like this giant 17-inch crappie

When ice pros like Garnier refer to strike zones, think of a window. When the fish are active, the window is wide open and the walleye, pike, lake trout, crappie, or yellow perch might swim 10, 15, even 20 or more feet, both vertically and horizontally, to hit your lure. But when they are in a neutral or negative mood, the window is barely cracked and they are not willing to move more than a foot or two—if at all.

"That is why panfishing nuts like me drill so many holes," Garnier chuckles. "One-hundred-and-fifty to 200 holes a day is not out of the question for two or three anglers. The key principle to think about is that the smaller the strike zone, the tighter you have to drill your hole pattern. If they are only willing to move three feet, then I drill my holes a mere six feet apart, to ensure that I am exposing my lures to as many fish as possible."

Pete Garnier prepared this chart to guide his hole drilling pattern to keep him on inactive fish spread out beneath the ice

Something else that is important to emphasize is that while feeding windows can be small and the fish depressing to a fault, you can still catch them. "The only hitch," agrees Garnier, "is that they are ultra-sensitive to differences in your presentation. 

"Pannies are notorious for their super-stealthy approaches. I find that during these times crappies, in particular, can have a sweet spot three or four feet above their heads where eventually a delicately presented soft plastic lure is all that it takes to get them to bite."

To Garnier's point, I often have first-time ice anglers with me when I am fishing in the winter, and they always drop their lures smack dab on the fish's nose when they see it on the sonar screen.

Gord's grandson, Liam, held his Acme tungsten jig a foot above the fish to entice these crappies to float up and bite it

"It takes a bit of discipline to resist dropping your bait on the fish," says Garnier.  "But you need to experiment to determine how high above their heads you need to keep your bait to trigger the best response.

"I also adjust my jigging cadence throughout the day. I'll set a second line beside my primary hole and deadstick a thin-tailed Angler's Choice Wiggle Fry on a small horizontal 90-degree jighead. There are times when they want a really subtle shaking motion. Other times, though, they want a sharp hop followed by a pause."

And last, but by no means least, when you find the fish to be neutral or inactive, pay extra special attention to the size, shape, and profile of your offering.

This is what we call a Northern Ontario six-pack

"Think subtle soft plastics, like the Wiggle Fry and Crappie Fry," instructs Garnier, "Day in and day out, I use a small thin-tailed soft plastic rigged on a jighead 95% of the time. 


"The colour of your lure is the least important consideration. The Anglers Choice stuff comes in 14 different patterns, and I have caught fish on every single one of them. The key for me is to have a number of different hues so that I can change things up. Invariably once you've caught a number of fish from a school, for whatever reason, they quit hitting that colour. So cycling through different hues will keep the same school of fish biting for an extended period of time."

About Gord Pyzer

Gord Pyzer is the fishing editor of Outdoor Canada magazine and field editor of In-Fisherman magazine. He is the co-host of the Real Fishing Radio Show and host of Fish Talk With The Doc.

Recommended Articles

Go Shallow For More Walleye

Walleye anglers think the fish are always in at least ten-foot or deeper. They're wrong!

Long Nose Gar

A Fish for the Bucket List

Top 5 Flies for Smallmouth Bass

The inside scoop on bass flies from the hosts of The New Fly Fisher.

5 Places to Shore Fish

Fish’n Canada shows you where to go shore fishing in Ontario.

Walleye Sunsets

Walleye Fishing on Lake Nipissing.

Eating Northern Pike

The Best Recipe to Cook This Fish

Five Brook Trout Flies

What flies to bring when fishing for brook trout.

Lake of the Woods

10 Facts You Didn't Know

Fishing and Foraging

Add some fresh foods and forage to your fishing adventures!

Ontario Brook Trout

Fish these 10 sweet spots.

3 Great Ontario Walleye Destinations

Karl of Extreme Angler recommends must do walleye lakes in Ontario.

Top 10 Fly Patterns for Brook Trout

Learn Brook Trout Fly Pattern Choices for Surface Fly Fishing

Perfect Shore Lunch

Try This Award-Winning Recipe

WOW Summer Whitefish

Whitefish hit harder in the open water season than in the winter

Balsam Lake Walleye

How to Use Snap Jigging to Catch Walleye

Spring Perch Fishing

Use These Tips on Your Next Ontario Fishing Trip

Top 5 Baits for Smallmouth and Largemouth Bass

What baits do you use to target bass? Find out why these 5 are the best!

Ontario Fly Fishing Hotspots

The Top 10 List

The Tigers of Sunset Country

The most picturesque of all freshwater fish.

Experiencing Prince Edward County - The Angler’s Way

Walleye fishing on the world-famous Bay of Quinte.